Maduro said in a televised speech Thursday that Caracas would push ahead even though Washington was preparing sanctions to destroy the food program, known by its Spanish acronym as CLAP.
“Do what you want to do, Venezuela will continue with the Local Supply and Production Committees,” he said, referencing the full name of the CLAP program.
Unnamed sources told Reuters that the US would unveil measures against the aid program, which will feed some six million families across Venezuela, within the next 90 days.
The Maduro government launched the plan in 2016 in response to a severe shortage of food, as the oil-rich nation has been struggling under severe economic contraction, hyperinflation, power cuts, and shortages of basic items under harsh US economic sanctions.
Under the program, the government sells boxes of food that include products such as rice, pasta, oil and powdered milk at subsidized prices.
Some of the products are imported from countries such as Turkey, Mexico, Colombia and Brazil. Russia and China have also sent humanitarian aid to the country on several occasions.