Abadi told The Associated Press in an interview on Saturday “A sincere and brotherly call to the leaders in Kurdistan: the decision of referendum is a dangerous one. I consider it playing with fire. This decision poses the biggest danger to our citizens in Kurdistan.”
The plebiscite is scheduled for September 25 to gauge support for the possible secession of Iraq’s Kurdistan region.
Regional powers like Iran and Turkey have also expressed concerns about the planned referendum by the Kurdish Regional Government (KRG), arguing that it could create further instability in the region.
Abadi described the upcoming Kurdish vote as “unconstitutional” and “illegal,” noting that Baghdad was resorting to all legal processes it has at its disposal in response to the referendum.
“If you challenge the constitution and if you challenge the borders of Iraq and the borders of the region, then … this is a public invitation to the countries in the region to violate Iraqi borders as well [which] would be a very dangerous escalation,” he warned.
Asked whether the use of force was on the table, the Iraqi premier stressed that if the Iraqi population is “threatened by the use of force outside the law, then we will intervene militarily.”
The Kurdish vote, he said, jeopardizes gains achieved by the Iraqi Kurds under a self-rule government and opens “the gate for regional intervention in the KRG. Not in the rest of Iraq, but in the KRG.”
Earlier this week, the Iraqi parliament voted to reject the Kurdish plebiscite, requiring Baghdad to “take all steps to protect the unity of Iraq and open a serious dialog” with Kurdish leaders.
Additionally, the White House called for the Iraqi Kurdish region to abandon the referendum “and enter into serious and sustained dialog with Baghdad.”
The UN also urged KRG Head Masoud Barzani to drop plans for the secession vote and enter talks with Baghdad aimed at reaching a deal within three years.